History

1930 — Bob Jones was halfway to achieving his goal of winning the "Grand Slam" as he approached the 1930 U.S. Open at Interlachen Country Club in Minneapolis. At the final hole, Jones left his approach shot 40 feet from the hole, meaning four was not a sure-fire guarantee. "As I stepped up to the putt, I confess that my most optimistic expectation was to get the thing close," Jones wrote later. Jones did one better, he holed the putt for a birdie to earn a two-stroke victory over Macdonald Smith. Ten weeks later, he finished off the "Slam" by winning the U.S. Amateur at Merion.
1950 — Sixteen months after a near-fatal car accident, Ben Hogan mustered enough strength to compete at Merion Golf Club. Needing a par at the 72nd hole to force a playoff with Lloyd Mangrum and George Fazio, Hogan hit his famous 1-iron approach to 40 feet and two-putted for par. The next day, Hogan won his second of four Open titles with a 69, beating Mangrum by four and Fazio by six.
1955 — Ben Hogan appeared on his way to a record fifth U.S. Open title at The Olympic Club until unheralded Jack Fleck holed an 8-foot birdie putt at the 72nd hole to force a playoff. While everyone expected Fleck to fold in the playoff, it was Hogan who surprisingly succumbed to the pressure, hitting his tee shot on 18 into deep rough en route to a double-bogey 6. The unsung Fleck had won just $7,500 over his previous 41 professional events.
1960 — Arnie's Army enjoyed its finest charge at the 1960 U.S. Open with Arnold Palmer seven strokes off the lead entering the final 18 holes. After lunch between the two rounds on that final day, Pittsburgh sportswriter Bob Drum allegedly told Palmer after The King thought he could win with a 65, "No. You're too far back." Palmer then went out and drove the par-4 first hole en route to a 65 and a two-stroke victory over 20-year-old amateur Jack Nicklaus.
1962 — The genesis for a great rivalry actually began two years earlier when Jack Nicklaus finished second to Palmer at the 1960 U.S. Open at Cherry Hills Country Club. But in Palmer's backyard at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, Nicklaus would out-duel the crowd favorite in an 18-hole playoff before some 10,000 spectators. As the playoff came to a conclusion, Palmer tried to concede a "gimme" putt to Nicklaus, but since it was stroke play, he had to putt out as a matter of formality. Nevertheless, this would become the first of four Open triumphs for Nicklaus.
1964 (Venturi hangs on) — Torrid temperatures enveloped the 1964 Open at Congressional C.C. in Bethesda, Md., and the heat was taking its toll on the competitors, especially Ken Venturi. He trailed by six strokes entering the 36-hole final day and it didn't appear as if he would finish, despite a third-round 66 that put him within two shots of leader Tommy Jacobs. Venturi was visibly shaking down the stretch and missed short consecutive par putts on Nos. 17 and 18. In the locker room, Venturi was given tea and salt tablets to combat his dehydration. Dr. John Everett advised him to withdraw. Venturi declined and the doctor followed him with ice packs throughout the final 18 holes. Venturi's perseverance paid off with a 70 and a four-stroke victory.
1971 — Lee Trevino always had a penchant for being a bit of a comedian on the golf course. At the 1971 U.S. Open at Merion, Trevino decided to release the tension of his 18-hole playoff with Nicklaus when he remembered that his daughter had left a toy snake in his golf bag. Trevino grabbed the rubbery object and playfully tossed it at Nicklaus, getting a scream from a nearby woman and a hearty laugh from Nicklaus. Now loosened up, Trevino shot a 68 to defeat Nicklaus by three strokes. The victory was part of a remarkable streak that saw Trevino win the U.S., British and Canadian Open titles in a span of 20 days.
1972 — Jack Nicklaus' love affair with Pebble Beach began with his U.S. Amateur victory in 1961. Nicklaus came into the 1972 Open at Pebble fresh off a victory at the Masters in April. Even with the weather turning downright miserable on the final Sunday, Nicklaus still managed to hold a three-stroke lead over Bruce Crampton through 70 holes. Playing into the teeth of the wind at the difficult par-3 17th, Nicklaus fired a 1-iron tee shot that hit the flagstick and stopped inches from the hole for a tap-in birdie. Nicklaus won his third Open with a 290 total, the second-highest by a champion since World War II.
1976 — In 1974, Jerry Pate won the U.S. Amateur, but the 22-year-old was certainly not a favorite at the '76 Open at Atlanta Athletic Club. But Pate played like a veteran throughout the championship and came to the final hole with a one-shot lead over 1975 runner-up John Mahaffey. Pate's drive at the 72nd hole found the right rough, leaving him a treacherous approach over water to a hole tucked on the front-left of the green. Mahaffey's 3-wood approach from the heavy grass found the water. Pate, however, caught a break as the ball was sitting up in the Bermuda rough and he took full advantage, drilling a 5-iron from 194 yards to within 3 feet of the hole.
1982 — Jack Nicklaus was looking for a record fifth U.S. Open title when the championship returned to Pebble Beach in 1982, but Tom Watson, like he did at the 1977 British Open at Turnberry, out-dueled his rival. He was tied with Nicklaus through 70 holes when his tee shot at 17 found the left rough. Faced with a challenging pitch, caddie Bruce Edwards told him to "get it close," but Watson retorted, "I'm not going to get it close, I'm going to make it."
1984 — There seems to be some discrepancy in the details surrounding Fuzzy Zoeller's gesture at the 72nd hole of the 1984 U.S. Open at Winged Foot. Everyone remembers Zoeller waving a white towel ceremoniously after Greg Norman holed a long par putt. Some believed he was surrendering to Norman, whom he thought had made birdie to possibly win the championship. But Zoeller has stated that he knew Norman's putt was for par and that he waved the towel as a light-hearted gesture. Zoeller parred 18 and then fired a sizzling 67 in the playoff to beat Norman by eight shots.
1990 — Hale Irwin took full advantage of his U.S. Open special exemption in 1990 at Medinah (Ill.) C.C. Irwin trailed by four strokes entering the final round, but the two-time Open winner carded a 5-under 31 on the back nine, including a 45-footer for birdie at the last that sent the crowd into a frenzy. Irwin circled the green and high-fived fans as if he just won the Super Bowl.
1992 — Mother Nature turned up the heat — make that wind — for the final round of the 1992 U.S. Open at Pebble Beach. Blustery conditions took over the championship, sending scores into the stratosphere. Third-round leader Tom Kite was about to be blown off course when he came to the short par-3 seventh. Despite being just 107 yards, only three players had hit the green in regulation all day. Kite's 6-iron missed to the left and his pitch shot was screaming across the green when it hit the flagstick and plopped in the hole for an improbable birdie.
1995 —With the 1995 U.S. Open being held at Shinnecock Hills, a course that isn't overly long by today's modern standards, but requires patience and the ability to play a variety of shots, the diminutive Pavin thought this could be the ideal venue for him to get his first major title. Pavin overcame Greg Norman's 54-hole lead with a closing 68 and 72-hole total of 280 (even par). The Californian saved his best for last, drilling a 5-wood from the fairway at the 72nd hole to set up a two-putt par as Norman and Tom Lehman faltered down the stretch.
1999 — In 1998, Payne Stewart came up one stroke short of a second U.S. Open title, but at the 1999 championship at Pinehurst No. 2, Stewart delivered. The final round began with Phil Mickelson, Vijay Singh, Tiger Woods and Stewart all in contention. Mickelson's presence was magnified by the fact that his wife, Amy, was due to give birth to the couple's first child at any moment. At 18, Mickelson missed a long birdie try, while Stewart faced a 15-foot par putt. Stewart calmly holed the putt and celebrated with caddie Mike Hicks before giving encouraging advice to the would-be father (Amy gave birth the next day).
2000 —Tiger Woods' performance at Pebble Beach was one of the most dominating in the history of any major championship as he posted a 12-under-par winning total of 272 and won by a whopping 15 strokes. Woods played the first 22 holes and his last 26 holes without a bogey. A microcosm of his dominance that week occurred as the second day of golf was about to conclude due to darkness. Woods faced a long birdie putt at the par-3 12th and a two-putt was no sure thing. Woods stepped up and drained the 50-footer.
2003 — For one magical day, Tom Watson, at age 53, turned back the clock with a 65 in the first round of the 2003 U.S. Open at Olympia Fields (Ill.) Country Club. The USGA granted the 1982 Open champion a special exemption at a course where he secured his first professional win (1974 Western Open). This Open was also special for Watson's longtime caddie Bruce Edwards, who had been diagnosed the previous fall with Lou Gehrig's Disease. Watson's round was punctuated with a 20-foot birdie putt at the seventh hole, Watson's 16th of the round (he started on 10).
2006 —Geoff Ogilvy didn't just win the 2006 U.S. Open at Winged Foot, he survived it. Ogilvy's brilliant chip-in par at the 71st hole and up-and-down save at the difficult 72nd hole proved to be the difference in a one-stroke victory. His 5-over winning score of 285 was only two better than the score posted by Hale Irwin when he took the "Massacre at Winged Foot" in 1974. This time, the destruction took place at the par-4 18th hole, where Phil Mickelson arrived with a one-shot lead. But his tee shot sailed left off a hospitality tent and led to a double-bogey 6.

Age Amateurs
Champions Course
Entries Scoring
Miscellaneous The Last Time It Happened


Age

Oldest Champion (years/months/days)

45/0/15 — Hale Irwin, 1990
43/9/11 — Raymond Floyd, 1986
43/4/16 — Ted Ray, 1920

Oldest to make cut

61 — Sam Snead, 1973, T-29th
60 — Tom Watson, 2010, T-29th
58 — Jack Nicklaus, 1998, T-43rd
57 — Sam Snead, 1969, T-38th
57 — Dutch Harrison, 1967, T-16th
57 — Jack Nicklaus, 1997, T-52nd

Youngest Champion

19/10/14 — John J. McDermott, 1911

Youngest Competitor

15/5/7 — Tadd Fujikawa, 2006
15/11/27 — Tyrell Garth, 1941




Amateurs

Amateur Champions (5 players, 8 times)

Francis Ouimet, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1913
Jerome D. Travers, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1915
Charles Evans Jr., Minikahda Club, Minneapolis, Minn., 1916
Robert T. Jones Jr., Inwood (N.Y.) C.C., 1923; Scioto C.C., Columbus, Ohio, 1926; Winged Foot G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 1929; Interlachen C.C., Edina, Minn., 1930
John Goodman, North Shore C.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933

Top-Ten Finishes

10 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr.

Most Times Low Amateur

9 — Robert T. Jones Jr.

Lowest 18-Hole Score By an Amateur

65 (6 under) — James McHale, third round, St. Louis C.C., Clayton, Mo., 1947
65 (5 under) — James Simons, third round, Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 1971
65 (5 under) — Nick Taylor, second round, Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
66 (6 under) — John Goodman, second round, North Shore G.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933



Low 72-Hole Score By an Amateur

282 — Jack Nicklaus (finished 2nd), Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1960
283 — James Simons (T-5th), Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 1971
284 — Patrick Cantlay (finished T21), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011



Champions

Most Victories

4 — Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
4 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930)
4 — Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953)
4 — Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980)
3 — Hale Irwin (1974, 1979, 1990)
3 — Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008)

Consecutive Victories

3 — Willie Anderson (1903, 1904, 1905)
2 — John J. McDermott (1911, 1912)
2 — Robert T. Jones Jr. (1929, 1930)
2 — Ralph Guldahl (1937, 1938)
2 — Ben Hogan (1950, 1951)
2 — Curtis Strange (1988, 1989)

Other Multiple Champions — 15

2 — Alex Smith (1906, 1910)
2 — John J. McDermott (1911, 1912)
2 — Walter Hagen (1914, 1919)
2 — Gene Sarazen (1922, 1932)
2 — Ralph Guldahl (1937, 1938)
2 — Cary Middlecoff (1949, 1956)
2 — Julius Boros (1952, 1963)
2 — Billy Casper (1959, 1966)
2 — Lee Trevino (1969, 1971)
2 — Andy North (1978, 1985)
2 — Curtis Strange (1988, 1989)
2 — Ernie Els (1994, 1997)
2 — Lee Janzen (1993, 1998)
2 — Payne Stewart (1991, 1999)
2 — Retief Goosen (2001, 2004)

Runner-up Finishes

5 — Phil Mickelson (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009)
4 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1922, 1924, 1925, 1928)
4 — Sam Snead (1937, 1947, 1949, 1953)
4 — Arnold Palmer (1962, 1963, 1966, 1967)
4 — Jack Nicklaus (1960, 1968, 1971, 1982)
3 — Alex Smith (1898, 1901, 1905)
3 — Tom McNamara (1909, 1912, 1915)
3 — Colin Montgomerie (1994, 1997, 2006)

Most Top-Five Finishes

11 — Willie Anderson
11 — Jack Nicklaus
10 — Alex Smith
10 — Walter Hagen
10 — Ben Hogan
10 — Arnold Palmer
9 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr.
9 — Gene Sarazen
9 — Julius Boros

Most Top-Ten Finishes

18 — Jack Nicklaus
16 — Walter Hagen
15 — Ben Hogan

Most Top-Twenty-Five Finishes

22 — Jack Nicklaus
21 — Sam Snead
20 — Walter Hagen

Consecutive Top-Five Finishes

6 — Robert T. Jones (1921-26)
6 — a-Willie Anderson (‘01-’06)
5 — Alex Smith (‘05-’10)
5 — Willie Smith (1898-’02)
4 — Three with 4, lastly Tom Lehman (1995-98)

Consecutive Top-Ten Finishes

7 — Stewart Gardner (1900-06)
7 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1920-26)
7 — Ben Hogan (1950-56)

Consecutive Top-Twenty-Five Finishes

19 — Walter Hagen (1913-16, 1919-33) (no championship 1917-18)

Winner of U.S. Open and Masters (15)

Gene Sarazen (1922, 1932 Opens; 1935 Masters)
Byron Nelson (1939 Open; 1937, 1942 Masters)
Ralph Guldahl (1937, 1938 Opens; 1939 Masters)
*Craig Wood (1941 Open; 1941 Masters)
*Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953 Opens; 1951, 1953 Masters)
Cary Middlecoff (1949, 1956 Opens; 1955 Masters)
*Arnold Palmer (1960 Open; 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964 Masters)
Gary Player (1965 Open; 1961, 1974, 1978 Masters)
*Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 Opens; 1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986 Masters)
Billy Casper (1959, 1966 Opens; 1970 Masters)
Tom Watson (1982 Open; 1977, 1981 Masters)
Fuzzy Zoeller (1984 Open; 1979 Masters)
Raymond Floyd (1986 Open; 1976 Masters)
*Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 1997, 2001, 2002, 2005 Masters)
Angel Cabrera (2007 Open; 2009 Masters)

* won both in same year.

Winner of U.S. and British Opens (17)

Harry Vardon (1900 U.S.; 1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1911, 1914 British)
Ted Ray (1920 U.S.; 1912 British)
Jim Barnes (1921 U.S.; 1925 British)
Walter Hagen (1914, 1919 U.S.; 1922, 1924, 1928, 1929 British)
*a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930 U.S.; 1926, 1927, 1930 British)
Tommy Armour (1927 U.S.; 1931 British)
*Gene Sarazen (1922, 1932 U.S.; 1932 British)
*Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953 U.S.; 1953 British)
Arnold Palmer (1960 U.S.; 1961, 1962 British)
Gary Player (1965 U.S.; 1959, 1968, 1974 British)
Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 U.S.; 1966, 1970, 1978 British)
Tony Jacklin (1970 U.S.; 1969 British)
*Lee Trevino (1968, 1971 U.S.; 1971, 1972 British)
Johnny Miller (1973 U.S.; 1976 British)
*Tom Watson (1982 U.S.; 1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983 British)
*Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 U.S.; 2000, 2005, 2006 British)
Ernie Els (1994, 1997, U.S.; 2002 British)

* won both in same year.

Winner of U.S. Open and PGA Championship (17)

Jim Barnes (1921 Open; 1916, 1919 PGAs)
Walter Hagen (1914, 1919 Opens; 1921, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927 PGAs)
*Gene Sarazen (1922, 1932 Opens; 1922, 1923, 1933 PGAs)
Tommy Armour (1927 Open; 1930 PGA)
Olin Dutra (1934 Open; 1932 PGA)
Byron Nelson (1939 Open; 1940, 1945 PGAs)
*Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953 Opens; 1946, 1948 PGAs)
Julius Boros (1952, 1963 Opens; 1968 PGA)
*Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 Opens; 1963, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1980 PGAs)
Gary Player (1965 Open; 1962, 1972 PGAs)
Lee Trevino (1968, 1971 Opens; 1974, 1984 PGAs)
David Graham (1981 Open; 1979 PGA)
Larry Nelson (1983 Open; 1981, 1987 PGAs)
Hubert Green (1977 Open; 1985 PGA)
Raymond Floyd (1986 Open; 1969, 1982 PGAs)
Payne Stewart (1991, 1999 Opens; 1989 PGA)
*Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 1999, 2000, 2006 PGA Championship)

* won both in same year.

Winners of U.S. Open, British Open, Masters, and PGA Championship (5)

Gene Sarazen (1935 Masters; 1922, 1932 Opens; 1932 British; 1922, 1923, 1933 PGAs)
Ben Hogan (1951, 1953 Masters; 1948, 1950, 1951, 1953 Opens; 1953 British; 1946, 1948 PGAs)
Gary Player (1961,1974, 1978 Masters; 1965 Open; 1959, 1968, 1974 British; 1962, 1972 PGAs)
Jack Nicklaus (1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986 Masters; 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 Opens; 1966, 1970, 1978 British; 1963, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1980 PGAs)
Tiger Woods (1997, 2001, 2002, 2005 Masters; 2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 2000, 2005, 2006 British; 1999, 2000, 2006 PGAs)

Winner of U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur (11)

Francis Ouimet (1913 Open; 1914, 1931 Amateurs)
Jerome D. Travers (1915 Open; 1907, 1908, 1912, 1913 Amateurs)
*Charles Evans Jr. (1916 Open; 1916, 1920 Amateurs)
*a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930 Opens; 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1930 Amateurs)
John Goodman (1933 Open; 1937 Amateur)
Lawson Little (1940 Open; 1934, 1935 Amateurs)
Arnold Palmer (1960 Open; 1954 Amateur)
Gene Littler (1961 Open; 1953 Amateur)
Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 Opens; 1959, 1961 Amateurs)
Jerry Pate (1976 Open, 1974 Amateur)
Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 1994, 1995, 1996 Amateurs)

*won both in same year

Winner of U.S. Open and U.S. Junior Amateur (2)

Johnny Miller (1973 Open; 1964 Junior)
Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 1991, 1992, 1993 Juniors)

Winner of U.S. Junior Amateur, U.S. Amateur and U.S. Open (1)

Tiger Woods (1991-1993 Juniors; 1994-1996 Amateurs; 2000, 2002, 2008 Opens)

Champions Not Returning to Defend (7)

Harry Vardon (1901 after winning in 1900)
Alex Smith (1907)
Jerome Travers (1916)
Ted Ray (1921)
a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1931)
Ben Hogan (1949)
Payne Stewart (2000)


Longest Span, First to Last Victory

18 years — Jack Nicklaus (1962-80)

Longest Span Between Victories

11 years — Julius Boros (1952-63), Hale Irwin (1979-90)

Course

Longest Courses

7,643 yards — Torrey Pines G.C., San Diego, Calif., 2008
7,574 yards — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
7,426 yards — Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
7,264 yards — Winged Foot G.C. (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y, 2006

Shortest Course

4,423 yards — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 1896

Since World War II

6,528 yards — Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa. (1971, 1981)

Most Often Host Club of Open

8 — Oakmont (Pa.) C.C. (1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007)

7 — Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J. (1903, 1915, 1936, 1954, 1967, 1980, 1993)



Entries

Largest

9,086 (2009)

Smallest

11 (1895)




Scoring

Evolution of U.S. Open Scoring Records

173 — Horace Rawlins (91-82), 1895
152 — James Foulis (78-74), 1896
328 — Fred Herd (84-85-75-84),1898
315 — Willie Smith (77-82-79-77), 1899
313 — Harry Vardon (79-78-76-80), 1900
307 — Laurie Auchterlonie (78-78-74-77), 1902
303 — Willie Anderson (75-78-78-72), 1904
295 — Alex Smith (73-74-73-75), 1906
290 — George Sargent (75-72-72-71), 1909
286 — Charles Evans Jr. (70-69-74-73), 1916
282 — Tony Manero (73-69-73-67), 1936
281 — Ralph Guldahl (71-69-72-69), 1937
276 — Ben Hogan (67-72-68-69), 1948
275 — Jack Nicklaus (71-67-72-65), 1967
272 — Jack Nicklaus (63-71-70-68), 1980
272 — Lee Janzen (67-67-69-69), 1993
272 — Tiger Woods (65-69-71-67), 2000
272 — Jim Furyk (67-66-67-72), 2003
268 — Rory McIlroy (65-66-68-69), 2011

U.S. Open Early Years Scoring
Year/Winner/- Score/(relation to par)

Prior to 1906 no par was listed


1906 Alex Smith — 295 (-33) — par was 82
1907 Alex Ross — 302 (+10)
1908 Fred McLeod (no par)
1909 George Sargent — 288 (+2)
1910 Alex Smith — 298-71 (+6)
1911 John McDermott — 307-80 (+3)
1912 John McDermott — 294 (+6)
1913 Francis Quimet — 304-72 (+8)
1914 Walter Hagan — 290 (+2)
1915 Jerome Travers — 297 (+1)
1916 Charles Evans — 286 (+2)
1917-18 no championships
1919 Walter Hagan 301-77 (+17)
1920 Edward Ray — 295 (+7)
1921 James Barnes — 289 (+9)
1922 Gene Sarazen — 288 (+8)
1923 Robert T. Jones — 296 (+8)
1924 Cyril Walker — 297 (+9)
1925 William Macfarlane — 291-75-72 (+7)
1926 Robert T. Jones — 293 (+5)
1927 Tommy Armour — 301-76 (+13)
1928 Johnny Farrell — 294-143 (+10)
1929 Robert T. Jones — 294-141 (+6)
1930 Robert T. Jones — 287 (+1)
1931 Billy Burke — 292-149-148 (+8)
1932 Gene Sarazen — 286 (+6)
1933 John Goodman — 287 (-1)
1934 Olin Dutra — 293 (+13)
1935 Sam Parks — 299 (+11)
1936 Tony Manero — 282 (-6)
1937 Ralph Guldahl — 281 (-7)
1938 Ralph Guldahl — 284 (E)
1939 Byron Nelson — 284-68-70 (+8)
1940 Lawson Little — 287-70 (-1)

Lowest Score, 72 Holes

268 -- Rory McIlroy (65-66-68-69), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
272 — Jack Nicklaus (63-71-70-68), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1980
272 — Lee Janzen (67-67-69-69), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
272 — Tiger Woods (12 under par) (65-69-71-67), Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
272 — Jim Furyk (67-66-67-72), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
273 — David Graham (68-68-70-67), Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 1981

Most Strokes Under Par, 72 Holes

16 Under (268) — Rory McIlroy, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
12 under (272) — Tiger Woods, Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
8 under (276) — Ben Hogan, Riviera C.C., Los Angeles, Calif., 1948
8 under (272) — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
8 under (280) — Hale Irvin, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
8 under (280) — Mike Donald, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
8 under (272) — Lee Janzen, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993
8 under (272) — Jim Furyk, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Most Strokes Under Par at Any Point

17 — Rory McIlroy (fourth round), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md. 2011
12 — Tiger Woods (fourth round), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
12 — Gil Morgan (third round), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
11 — Jim Furyk, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
11 — Ricky Barnes (third round), Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
9 — Ben Hogan, Riviera C.C., Los Angeles, Calif., 1948
9 — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1980
9 — Tim Simpson, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 course), 1990
9 — Scott Simpson, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 course), 1990
9 — Jeff Sluman, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 course), 1990
9 — Mike Donald, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 course), 1990
9 — Nick Price, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
9 — Vijay Singh, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Lowest Score by Non-Winner, 72 Holes

274 (6 under) — Isao Aoki (68-68-68-70), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
274 (6 under) — Payne Stewart (70-66-68-70), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993
276 (8 under) — Jason Day (71-72-65-68), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011

Lowest Score, First 54 Holes

199 — Rory McIlroy (65-66-68), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
200 — Jim Furyk, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
203 — George Burns (69-66-68), Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 1981
203 — Tze-Chung Chen (65-69-69), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1985
203 — Lee Janzen (67-67-69), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
203 — Stephen Leaney, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Lowest Score, Last 54 Holes

202 (11 Under) — Kevin Chappell (67-69-66), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
203 (10 Under) — Rory McIlroy (66-68-69), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
203 (10 Under) — Lee Westwood (68-65-70), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
203 (10 under) — Loren Roberts (69-64-70), Oakmont C.C., Oakmont, Pa., 1994
204 (6 under) — Payne Stewart (70-66-68), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993
204 (6 under) — Steve Jones (66-69-69), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course) Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1996
204 (6 under) — Mark Brooks (64-70-70), Southern Hills C.C. Tulsa, Okla., 2001

Lowest Score, First 36 Holes

131 — Rory McIlroy (65-66), Congressional Country Club, Bethesda, Md., 2011
132 — Ricky Barnes (67-65), Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
133 — Jim Furyk (67-66), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
133 — Vijay Singh (70-63), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
134 — Jack Nicklaus (63-71), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1980
134 — Tze-Chung Chen (65-69), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1985
134 — Lee Janzen (67-67), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
134 — Tiger Woods (65-69), Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
134 — Phil Mickelson (68-66), Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004
134 — Shigeki Maruyama (66-68), Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004

Lowest Score, Middle 36 Holes

133 — Loren Roberts (69-64), Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994
133 — Jim Furyk (66-67), Olympia Fields (Ill.) C.C. (North Course), 2003

Lowest Score, Last 36 Holes

132 (10 under) — Larry Nelson (65-67), Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1983
133 (9 under) — Jason Day (65-68), Congressional Country Club, Bethesda, Md., 2011
133 (7 under) — Chip Beck (68-65), Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 1986
134 (8 under) — Loren Roberts (64-70), Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994

Lowest Score, Any Rounds

63 (8 under) — Johnny Miller, final round, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
63 (7 under) — Jack Nicklaus, first round, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
63 (7 under) — Tom Weiskopf, first round, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
63 (7 under) — Vijay Singh, second round, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Lowest Score, Second Round

63 (7 under) — Vijay Singh, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
64 (6 under) — Tommy Jacobs, Congressional C.C., Bethesda, Md., 1964
64 (6 under) — Rives McBee, Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1966
64 (6 under) — Curtis Strange, Oak Hill C.C., Rochester, N.Y., 1989
64 (6 under) — Mark Brooks, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 2001
64 (6 under) — Woody Austin, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
64 (6 under) — Lucas Glover, Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009

Highest Score, Second Round

106 — W.E. Stoddard, Baltimore (Md.) C.C., 1899

Lowest Score, Third Round

64 (6 under) — Ben Crenshaw, Merion, G.C., Ardmore, Pa., 1981
64 (6 under) — Keith Clearwater, Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1987
64 (7 under) — Loren Roberts, Oakmont (Pa) C.C., 1994
65 (6 under) — Larry Nelson, Oakmont (Pa) C.C., 1983
65 (6 under) — Jason Day, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
65 (6 under) — Lee Westwood, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011

Highest Score, Third Round

110 — O. McCammon, Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass., 1898

Lowest Score, Fourth Round

63 (8 under) — Johnny Miller, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
64 (7 under) — Peter Jacobsen, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1988
64 (6 under) — Tom Kite, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 2001
64 (6 under) — Vijay Singh, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 2001

Highest Score, Fourth Round

116 — O. McCammon, Baltimore (Md.) C.C., 1899

Lowest Score, 9 Holes

29 — Neal Lancaster, Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y. (fourth round, second nine), 1995
29 — Neal Lancaster, Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich. (second round, second nine), 1996
29 — Vijay Singh, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill. (second round, second nine), 2003

Largest 54-Hole Lead

10 — Tiger Woods (205), Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
8 — Rory McIlroy (199), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
7 — James Barnes (217), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921
6 — Fred Herd (244), Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass., 1898
6 — Willie Anderson (225), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1903
6 — Johnny Goodman (211), North Shore G.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933

Largest 36-Hole Lead

6 — Tiger Woods (134) Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
6 — Rory McIlroy (131), Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
5 — Willie Anderson (149), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1903
4 — Tom McNamara (142), Englewood (N.J.) G.C., 1909
4 — James Barnes (144), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921

Largest 18-Hole Lead

5 — Tommy Armour (68), North Shore C.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933
4 — Olin Dutra (69), Fresh Meadow C.C., Flushing, N.Y., 1932

Largest Lead After 54 Holes, Non-Winner

5 — Mike Brady, Brae Burn C.C., West Newton, Mass., 1919

Largest Lead After 36 Holes, Non-Winner

4 — Tom McNamara, Englewood (N.J.) G.C., 1909

Largest Lead After 18 Holes, Non-Winner

5 — Tommy Armour, North Shore C.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933

Best Comeback by Winner, Final Round

7 strokes — Arnold Palmer (72-71-72-65), Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1960
6 strokes — Johnny Miller (71-69-76-63), Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
5 strokes — Johnny Farrell (77-74-71-72), Olympia Fields (Ill.) C.C., 1928
5 strokes — Byron Nelson (72-73-71-68), Philadephia C.C., West Conshohocken, Pa., 1939
5 strokes — Lee Janzen (73-66-73-68), The Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1998

Best Comeback by Winner, Final 36 Holes

11 — Lou Graham, Medinah (Ill.) C.C., 1975

Best Comeback by Winner, Final 54 Holes

9 — Jack Fleck, Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1955

Largest Winning Margin

15 strokes — Tiger Woods (272), Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000 (largest winning margin in all majors)
11 strokes — Willie Smith (315), Baltimore (Md.) C.C., 1899
9 strokes — James Barnes (289), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921

Lowest Score by Winner, First Round

63 (7 under) — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
65 (6 under) — Tiger Woods, Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
65 (6 under) — Rory McIlroy, Congressional Country Club, Bethesda, Md., 2011
66 (4 under) — Retief Goosen, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 2001

Highest Score by Winner, First Round

91 — Horace Rawlins, Newport (R.I.) G.C., 1895

Since World War I:

78 (6 over) — Tommy Armour, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1927
78 (7 over) — Walter Hagen, Brae Burn C.C., West Newton, Mass., 1919

Since World War II:

76 (6 over) — Ben Hogan, Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1951
76 (6 over) — Jack Fleck, Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1955

Lowest Score by Winner, Second Round

64 (6 under) — Curtis Strange, Oak Hill C.C., Rochester, N.Y. 1989
64 (6 under) — Lucas Glover, Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
65 (5 under) — Andy North, Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1985

Highest Score by Winner, Second Round

85 — Fred Herd, Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass., 1898

Since World War I:

79 (7 over) — a-Robert T. Jones Jr., Scioto C.C., Columbus, Ohio, 1926

Since World War II:

73 (3 over) — Ben Hogan, Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1951
74 (3 over) — Julius Boros, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963
73 (1 over) — Jack Nicklaus, Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972
73 (2 over) — Larry Nelson, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1983

Lowest Score by Winner, Third Round

65 (6 under) — Larry Nelson, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1983
66 (5 under) — Ernie Els, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994
66 (4 under) — Ken Venturi, Congressional C.C., Washington, D.C., 1964

Highest Score by Winner, Third Round

83 — Willie Anderson, Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass., 1901

Since World War I:

76 (4 over) — Robert T. Jones Jr., Inwood C.C., Inwood, N.Y., 1923
76 (4 over) — Tommy Armour, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1927
76 (5 over) — Julius Boros, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963
76 (5 over) — Johnny Miller, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
76 (6 over) — Angel Cabrera, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 2007

Lowest Score by Winner, Fourth Round

63 (8 under) — Johnny Miller, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
65 (6 under) — Arnold Palmer, Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1960
65 (5 under) — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1967

Highest Score by Winner, Fourth Round

84 — Fred Herd, Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass., 1898

Since World War I:

79 (7 over) — a-Robert T. Jones Jr., Winged Foot G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 1929

Since World War II:

75 (4 over) — Cary Middlecoff, Medinah C.C., Medinah, Ill., 1949
75 (4 over) — Hale Irwin, Inverness Club, Toledo, Ohio, 1979

Lowest Score to Lead Field, 18 Holes

63 (7 under) — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
63 (7 under) — Tom Weiskopf, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
64 (6 under) — Lee Mackey Jr., Merion G.C., Ardmore, Pa., 1950
64 (6 under) — Mike Weir, Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009

Highest Score, First Round

157 — J.D. Tucker, Myopia Hunt Club, S, Hamilton, Mass., 1898

Highest Score, Any Round

157 — J.D Tucker, Myopia Hunt Club, S. Hamilton, Mass, 1898

Lowest Score to Lead Field, 36 Holes

131 — Rory McIlroy (65-66), Congressional Country Club, Bethesda, Md., 2011
132 — Ricky Barnes (67-65), Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
133 — Jim Furyk (67-66) and Vijay Singh (70-63), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
134 — Jack Nicklaus (63-71), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1980
134 — Tze-Chung Chen (65-69), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1985
134 — Lee Janzen (67-67), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
134 — Tiger Woods (65-69), Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif., 2000
134 — Phil Mickelson (68-66), Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004
134 — Shigeki Maruyama (66-68), Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004

Lowest Score to Lead Field, 54 Holes

199 — Rory McIlroy (65-66-68), Congressional Country Club, Bethesda, Md., 2011
200 — Jim Furyk, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
202 — Ricky Barnes (67-65-70), Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
203 — George Burns (69-66-68), Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 1981
203 — Tze-Chung Chen (65-69-69), Oakland Hills C. C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1985
203 — Lee Janzen (67-67-69), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993

Highest Score to Lead Field, 18 Holes

89 — Willie Dunn, James Foulis, and Willie Campbell, Newport G.C., Newport, R.I., 1895

Since World War II:

71 — Sam Snead, Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1951
71 — Tommy Bolt, Julius Boros, and Dick Metz, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1958
71 — Tony Jacklin, Hazeltine National G.C., Chaska, Minn., 1970
71 — Orville Moody, Jack Nicklaus, Chi Chi Rodriguez, Mason Rudolph, Tom Shaw, and Kermit Zarley, Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Highest Score to Lead Field, 36 Holes

173 — Horace Rawlins (91-82), Newport G.C., Newport, R.I., 1895 (Open played over 36 holes.)
164 — Alex Smith (82-82), Myopia Hunt Club, South Hamilton, Mass., 1901 (Open played over 72 holes)

Since World War II:

144 — "-Bobby Locke (73-71), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1951
144 — Tommy Bolt (67-77) and E. Harvie Ward (74-70), The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 1955
144 — Homero Blancas (74-70), Bruce Crampton (74-70), Jack Nicklaus (71-73), Cesar Sanudo (72-72), Lanny Wadkins (76-68), and Kermit Zarley (71-73), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L. (1972)

Highest Score to Lead Field, 54 Holes

249 — Stewart Gardner (86-82-81), Myopia Hunt Club, South Hamilton, Mass., 1901

Since World War II:

218 — Bobby Locke (73-71-74), Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Birmingham, Mich., 1951
218 — Jacky Cupit (70-72-76), The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963
217 — Ben Hogan (72-73-72), The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 1955

Highest Winning Score

331 — Willie Anderson, Myopia Hunt Club, South Hamilton, Mass., 1901 (won in playoff)

Since World War II:

293 — Julius Boros, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963 (won in playoff)
290 — Jack Nicklaus, Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds, Championships Since World War I:

0 — Brae Burn C.C., West Newton, Mass., 1919
1 — Inverness Club, Toledo, Ohio, 1920
1 — Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1924
1 — Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1927
1 — Olympia Fields C.C., Matteson, Ill., 1928
1 — Inverness Club, Toledo, Ohio, 1931
1 — Merion Cricket Club, Ardmore, Pa., 1934

Since World War II:

2 — Oakland Hills C.C., Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1951

Most Over-Par Rounds, Championships

432 — Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1996
427 — Philadelphia (Pa.) C.C., 1939
424 — Oakmont C.C., Oakmont, Pa., 1935

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds by Field, First Round

Since World War II:

0 — Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1951
0 — Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1958
0 — Winged Foot G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 1974
0 — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 1986

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds by Field, Second Round

Since World War II:

0 — Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1951

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds by Field, Third Round

Since World War II:

0 — Oakland Hills C.C., Birmingham, Mich., 1951
0 — The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds by Field, Fourth Round

Since World War II:

0 — Merion G.C., Ardmore, Pa., 1950
0 — Northwood C., Dallas, Texas, 1952
0 — Winged Foot G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 1959
0 — The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963
0 — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004

Highest 36-Hole Cut

Since World War II:

155 (15 over) — Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1955
154 (14 over) — Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1958
154 (10 over) — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Lowest 36-Hole Cut

143 (+3) — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
144 (+4) — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
145 (+1) — Medinah (Ill.) C.C., (No.3 Course), 1990
145 (+5) — Oakland Hills C.C., (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1985
145 (+5) — Oak Hill C.C., (East Course), Rochester, N.Y., 1989
145 (+5) — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004

Most Players to Make Cut

108 — Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1996
88 — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993

Most Players to Tie for Lead, 18 Holes

7 — Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1977

Most Players to Tie for Lead, 36 Holes

6 — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Most Players to Tie for Lead, 54 Holes

4 — Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973

Most Sub-Par Rounds, Championship

124 — Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
108 — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
83 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
76 — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
76 — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J. 1993

Most Rounds in the 60s, Championship

83 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
76 — Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993
62 — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
58 — Merion G.C., Ardmore, Pa., 1981

Most Sub-Par 72-Hole Totals, Championship

28 — Medinah C.C., Medinah, Ill., 1990
20 — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
11 — The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1988
10 — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993

Most Sub-Par Scores, First Round

39 — Medinah (Ill.) C.C., 1990
29 — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
24 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Most Sub-Par Scores, Second Round

47 — Medinah (Ill.) C.C., 1990
38 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
33 — Hazeltine National G.C., Chaska, Minn. 1991

Most Sub-Par Scores, Third Round

26 — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
24 — Medinah (Ill.) C.C., 1990
22 — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1982

Most Sub-Par Scores, Fourth Round

32 — Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
18 — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
17 — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1982
17 — The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1988

Most Sub-Par Rounds by One Player in One Championship

4 — Sam Snead, St. Louis (Mo.) C.C., 1947 (one round in playoff)
4 — Bill Casper, The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 1966 (one round in playoff)
4 — Lee Trevino, Oak Hill C.C. (East Course), Rochester, N.Y., 1968
4 — Tony Jacklin, Hazeltine National G.C., Chaska, Minn., 1970
4 — Lee Janzen, Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
4 — Curtis Strange, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994
4 — Rory McIlroy, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
4 — Robert Garrigus, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011



Miscellaneous

Highest Score, One Hole

19 — Ray Ainsley, 16th Hole (par 4), Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1938

Most Consecutive Birdies

6 — George Burns (holes 2-7), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1982
6 — Andy Dillard (holes 1-6) Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992

Most Consecutive 3s

8 — Hubert Green (holes 9-16) Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
7 — Hubert Green (holes 10-16), Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1977
7 — Peter Jacobsen (holes 1-7), The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1988

Most Consecutive Opens Started

44 — Jack Nicklaus
34 — Hale Irwin
33 — Gene Sarazen
33 — Tom Kite

Most Opens Completed, 72 Holes

35 — Jack Nicklaus (lastly in 1998)
27 — Sam Snead
27 — Hale Irwin (lastly in 2001)
26 — Gene Sarazen
26 — Raymond Floyd

Most Consecutive Opens Completed, 72 Holes

22 — Walter Hagen (1913-36); No Championships 1917-18
22 — Gene Sarazen (1920-41)
22 — Gary Player (1958-79)
21 — Jack Nicklaus (1964-84)

Most Sub-Par Rounds, Career

37 — Jack Nicklaus

Consecutive Sub-Par Rounds

6 — Sam Snead (1947-48, includes 18-hole playoff)
5 — Brian Claar (1989-90)
5 — Curtis Strange (1993-94)

Rounds in the 60s

29 — Jack Nicklaus

Consecutive Rounds in the 60s

4 — Lee Trevino (1968)
4 — Ben Crenshaw (1986-87)
4 — Lee Janzen (1993)
4 — Tiger Woods (2001-02)
4 — Rory McIlroy (2011)

Sub-Par 72-Hole Totals

7 — Jack Nicklaus

Consecutive Sub-Par 72-Hole Totals

3 — Curtis Strange (1988-90)

Most Times Led After 54 Holes

6 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr.
4 — Tom Watson

Most Times Led After 18, 36, and/or 54 Holes

11 — Payne Stewart
10 — Alex Smith
9 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr.
9 — Ben Hogan
9 — Arnold Palmer
9 — Tom Watson

Start-to-Finish Winners (No Ties) (7)

Walter Hagen, 1914
James Barnes, 1921
Ben Hogan, 1953
Tony Jacklin, 1970
Tiger Woods, 2000, 2002
Rory McIlroy (2011)

Start-to-Finish Winners (Including Ties) (9)

Willie Anderson, 1903
Alex Smith, 1906
a-Chick Evans, 1916
Tommy Bolt, 1958
Jack Nicklaus, 1972, 1980
Hubert Green, 1977
Payne Stewart, 1991
Retief Goosen, 2001
(not including names from previous category)

Players Who Led First Three Rounds But Didn’t Win (8)

Willie Smith, 1908
Mike Brady, 1912
Mike Souchak, 1960
Bert Yancey, 1968
Hale Irwin, 1984
Tze-Chung Chen, 1985
Gil Morgan, 1992
Payne Stewart, 1998

Number of Times a Leader Went on to Win

After 18 Holes — 20 times
After 36 Holes — 38 times
After 54 Holes — 49 times

Number of Playoffs

33 in 109 Championships

Won First Time Played in Open (5)

Horace Rawlins, 1895
Fred Herd, 1898
Harry Vardon, 1900
George Sargent, 1909
a-Francis Ouimet, 1913

Par-three finishes at U.S. Open Championships

1896, Shinnecock Hills, Southampton, N.Y.
1902, Garden City (N.Y.) G.C.
1909, Englewood (N.J.) G.C.
1997, Congressional C.C., Bethesda, Md.

Father and Son(s) in Same U.S. Open (Six known)

Tom Anderson Sr and Tom Jr. and Willie (Winner), 1903, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J.
Willie and Mac Hunter, 1947, St. Louis C.C., Clayton, Mo.
*Joe and Joe Jr. Kirkwood, 1948, Riviera C.C., Los Angeles, Calif.
Gary and Wayne Player, 1982, Pebble Beach G.L., Pebble Beach, Calif.
Jack and Gary Nicklaus, 1997, Congressional C.C., Bethesda, Md.
Jay and Bill Haas, 2003, Olympia Fields C.C., Olympia Fields, Ill. & *2004, Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y.

* = both made cut

Longest Par-3 Holes

288 yards — 8th, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 2007
253 yards — 8th, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1927, 1935 1953 and 1962
249 yards — 8th, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994

Longest Par-4 Holes

525 yards — 7th, Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
523 Yards — 18th, Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
515 yards — 6th, Torrey Pines G.C., San Diego, Calif., 2008
514 yards — 9th, Winged Foot (West Course) G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006

Longest Par-5 Holes

667 yards — 12th, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 2007
642 yards — 5th, Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa Okla., 2001
640 yards — 12th, Winged Foot (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006

Shortest Par-3 Holes (Post-World War II)

92 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2010 106 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
107 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
120 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972, 1982

Shortest Par-4 Holes (Post-World War II)

266 yards — 7th at The Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1955
267 yards — 14th at Torrey Pines G.C., San Diego, Calif., 2008
285 yards — 7th at The Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1966

Shortest Par-5 Holes (Post-World War II)

474 yards — 9th at Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1994
477 yards — 6th at Canterbury G.C., Cleveland, Ohio, 1946
480 yards — 9th at Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983

Shortest holes in U.S. Open History

106 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
107 yards — 7th at Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
108 yards — 12th at Inwood (N.Y.) C.C., 1923

Holes-In-One (41 total)

Jack Hobens, 147-yard 10th in second round, 1907
Eddie Towns, 1922
Leo Diegel, 146-yard 13th in second round, 1931
Zell Eaton, 1936
a-Dick Chapman, 1954
Johnny Weitzel, 1954
a-Billy Kuntz, 142-yard 11th hole, 1956
Jerry McGee, 180-yard 5th hole, 1972
Bobby Mitchell, 180-yard 5th hole, 1972
Pat Fitzsimmons, 187-yard 2nd hole, 1975
Bobby Wadkins, 1978
Tom Weiskopf, 1978
Gary Player, 1979
Tom Watson, 1980
Johnny Miller, 1982
Bill Brodell, 1982
Tom Weiskopf, 1982
Scott Simpson, 1983
Mark McCumber, 1984
Ben Crenshaw, 217-yard, 9th in second round, 1985
Doug Weaver, 159-yard 6th in second round, 1989
Mark Wiebe, 159-yard 6th in second round, 1989
Jerry Pate, 159-yard, 6th in second round, 1989
Nick Price, 159-yard 6th in second round, 1989
Jay Don Blake, 190-yard 8th hole in first round, 1990
John Inman, 194-yard 4th hole in first round, 1991
Fuzzy Zoeller, 194-yard 4th hole in second round, 1991
Mike Hulbert, 198-yard 12th hole in first round, 1993
Sandy Lyle, 206-yard 12th hole in fourth round, 1993
Gary Hallberg, 182-yard 7th hole in third round, 1995
Chris Perry, 196-yard 13th hole in 3rd round, 1998
Todd Fischer, 108-yard 7th hole in second round, 2000
Phil Mickelson, 174-yard 6th hole in 2nd round, 2001
Olin Browne, 165-yard 11th hole in 4th round, 2001
Shigeki Maruyama, 161-yard 14th hole in second round, 2002
Andy Miller, 205-yard 3rd hole in fourth round, 2002
Scott Hoch, 207-yard 17th hole in fourth round, 2002
a-Spencer Levin, 179-yard, 17th hole in first round, 2004
Peter Jacobsen, 175-yard 9th hole in third round, 2005
Peter Hedblom, 238-yard 3rd hole in third round, 2006
Thongchai Jaidee, 181-yard 5th hole, third round, 2010

Note: Records for holes-in-one are not available for all years.

a = amateur

Foreign-born winners of the Open (27 players, 33 times)
1895 — Horace Rawlins, England
1896 — James Foulis, Scotland
1897 — Joe Lloyd, England
1898 — Fred Herd, Scotland
1899 — Willie Smith, Scotland
1900 — Harry Vardon, England
1901 — Willie Anderson, Scotland
1902 — Laurence Auchterlonie, Scotland
1903 — Willie Anderson, Scotland
1904 — Willie Anderson, Scotland
1905 — Willie Anderson, Scotland
1906 — Alex Smith, Scotland
1907 — Alex Ross, Scotland
1908 — Fred McLeod, Scotland
1909 — George Sargent, England
1910 — Alex Smith, Scotland
1920 — Edward Ray, England
1921 — James Barnes, England
1924 — Cyril Walker, England
1925 — William Marfarlane, Scotland
1927 — Tommy Armour, Scotland
1965 — Gary Player, South Africa
1970 — Tony Jacklin, England
1981 — David Graham, Australia
1994 — Ernie Els, South Africa
1997 — Ernie Els, South Africa
2001 — Retief Goosen, South Africa
2004 — Retief Goosen, South Africa
2005 — Michael Campbell, New Zealand
2006 — Geoff Ogilvy, Austrailia
2007 — Angel Cabrera, Argentina
2010 — Graeme McDowell, Northern Ireland
2011 — Rory McIlroy, Northern Ireland



The Last Time It Happened

Last foreign winner

2011 — Rory McIlroy (Northern Ireland)

Last to defend title successfully

Curtis Strange, 1989

Last to win three consecutive Opens

Willie Anderson, 1903-05

Last winner who won the Open on his first try

Francis Ouimet, 1913

Last winner to win the Open on his second try

Jerry Pate, T-18th in first in 1975, winner in 1976

Last amateur to win Open

John Goodman, 1933

Last start-to-finish winner (no ties)

Rory McIlroy, 2011

Last winner to win money title in same year

Tiger Woods, 2002

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole

Tiger Woods, 2008

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff

Tiger Woods, 2008

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by one stroke

a-Robert T. Jones Jr., 1926

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by two strokes

Lee Janzen, 1993

Last to win without a round in the 60s

Geoff Ogilvy, Austrialia, 2006

Last to win with all rounds in the 60s

Rory McIlroy, 2011

Last to win with a round in the 80s

80, John McDermott, playoff in 1911

Last to win with a round of 77

Sam Parks Jr., in first round, 1935

Last to win with a round of 76

Angel Cabrera, in third round, 2007

Last to win with a round of 75

Payne Stewart, in playoff, 1991

Last to win after being in sectional qualifying

Lucas Glover, 2009

Last to win after being in local and sectional qualifying

Orville Moody, 1969

Last winner between age 20-29

Rory McIlroy, 22, 2011

Last winner between age 30-39

Graeme McDowell, 30, 2010

Last winner over age 40

Payne Stewart was 42, 1999 (6th oldest in history)

Last winner who received a special exemption

Hale Irwin, 1990

Last defending champion to miss the cut

Angel Cabrera, 2008

Last to win without a sub-par round

Geoff Ogilvy, 2006


Year Champion Club City State Entries
1895 Horace Rawlins Newport G.C. Newport R.I. 11
1896 James Foulis Shinnecock Hills G.C. Southampton N.Y. 35
1897 Joe Lloyd Chicago G.C. Wheaton Ill. 35
1898 Fred Herd Myopia Hunt Club S. Hamilton Mass. 49
1899 Willie Smith Baltimore C.C. Baltimore Md. 81
1900 Harry Vardon Chicago G.C. Wheaton Ill. 60
1901 Willie Anderson Myopia Hunt Club S. Hamilton Mass. 60
1902 Laurence Auchterlonie Garden City G.C. Garden City N.Y. 90
1903 Willie Anderson Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 89
1904 Willie Anderson Glen View Club Golf Ill. 71
1905 Willie Anderson Myopia Hunt Club S. Hamilton Mass. 83
1906 Alex Smith Onwentsia Club Lake Forest Ill. 68
1907 Alex Ross Philadelphia Cricket C. Philadelphia Pa. 82
1908 Fred McLeod Myopia Hunt Club S. Hamilton Mass. 88
1909 George Sargent Englewood G.C. Englewood N.J. 84
1910 Alex Smith Philadelphia Cricket C. Philadelphia Pa. 75
1911 John J. McDermott Chicago G.C. Wheaton Ill. 79
1912 John J. McDermott C.C. of Buffalo Buffalo N.Y. 131
1913 a-Francis Ouimet The Country Club Brookline Mass. 165
1914 Walter Hagen Midlothian C.C. Blue Island Ill. 129
1915 a-Jerome D. Travers Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 141
1916 a-Charles Evans Jr. Minikahda Club Minneapolis Minn. 94
1917 No Championships - World War I
1918 No Championships - World War I
1919 Walter Hagen Brae Burn C.C. West Newton Mass. 142
1920 Edward Ray Inverness Club Toledo Ohio 265
1921 James M. Barnes Columbia C.C. Chevy Chase Md. 262
1922 Gene Sarazen Skokie C.C. Glencoe Ill. 323
1923 a-Robert T. Jones Jr. Inwood C.C. Inwood N.Y. 360
1924 Cyril Walker Oakland Hills C.C. Birmingham Mich. 319
1925 William Macfarlane Worcester C.C. Worcester Mass. 445
1926 a-Robert T. Jones Jr. Scioto C.C. Columbus Ohio 694
1927 Tommy Armour Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 898
1928 Johnny Farrell Olympia Fields C.C. Matteson Ill. 1064
1929 a-Robert T. Jones Jr. Winged Foot G.C. Mamaroneck N.Y. 1000
1930 a-Robert T. Jones Jr. Interlachen C.C. Minneapolis Minn. 1177
1931 Billy Burke Inverness Club Toledo Ohio 1141
1932 Gene Sarazen Fresh Meadow C.C. Flushing N.Y. 1011
1933 a-John Goodman North Shore G.C. Glenview Ill. 915
1934 Olin Dutra Merion Cricket C. Ardmore Pa. 1063
1935 Sam Parks Jr. Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 1125
1936 Tony Manero Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 1277
1937 Ralph Guldahl Oakland Hills C.C. Birmingham Mich. 1402
1938 Ralph Guldahl Cherry Hills Club Englewood Colo. 1223
1939 Byron Nelson Philadelphia C.C. West Conshohocken Pa. 1193
1940 Lawson Little Canterbury G.C. Cleveland Ohio 1161
1941 Craig Wood Colonial C.C. Fort Worth Texas 1048
1942 No Championships - World War II
1943 No Championships - World War II
1944 No Championships - World War II
1945 No Championships - World War II
1946 Lloyd Mangrum Canterbury G.C. Cleveland Ohio 1175
1947 Lew Worsham St. Louis C.C. Clayton Mo. 1356
1948 Ben Hogan Riviera C.C. Los Angeles Calif. 1411
1949 Cary Middlecoff Medinah C.C. Medinah Ill. 1348
1950 Ben Hogan Merion G.C. Ardmore Pa. 1379
1951 Ben Hogan Oakland Hills C.C. Birmingham Mich. 1511
1952 Julius Boros Northwood Club Dallas Texas 1688
1953 Ben Hogan Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 1669
1954 Ed Furgol Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 1928
1955 Jack Fleck Olympic Club San Francisco Calif. 1522
1956 Cary Middlecoff Oak Hill C.C. Rochester N.Y. 1921
1957 Dick Mayer Inverness Club Toledo Ohio 1907
1958 Tommy Bolt Southern Hills C.C. Tulsa Okla. 2132
1959 Bill Casper Jr. Winged Foot G.C. Mamaroneck N.Y. 2385
1960 Arnold Palmer Cherry Hills C.C. Englewood Colo. 2453
1961 Gene Littler Oakland Hills C.C. Birmingham Mich. 2449
1962 Jack Nicklaus Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 2475
1963 Julius Boros The Country Club Brookline Mass. 2392
1964 Ken Venturi Congressional C.C. Washington D.C. 2341
1965 Gary Player Bellerive C.C. St. Louis Mo. 2271
1966 Bill Casper Jr. Olympic Club San Francisco Calif. 2475
1967 Jack Nicklaus Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 2651
1968 Lee Trevino Oak Hill C.C. Rochester N.Y. 3007
1969 Orville Moody Champions G.C. Houston Texas 3397
1970 Tony Jacklin Hazeltine National G.C. Chaska Minn. 3605
1971 Lee Trevino Merion G.C. Ardmore Pa. 4279
1972 Jack Nicklaus Pebble Beach G.L. Pebble Beach Calif. 4196
1973 John Miller Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 3580
1974 Hale Irwin Winged Foot G.C. Mamaroneck N.Y. 3914
1975 Lou Graham Medinah C.C. Medinah Ill. 4214
1976 Jerry Pate Atlanta Athletic C. Duluth Ga. 4436
1977 Hubert Green Southern Hills C.C. Tulsa Okla. 4608
1978 Andy North Cherry Hills C.C. Englewood Colo. 4897
1979 Hale Irwin Inverness Club Toledo Ohio 4853
1980 Jack Nicklaus Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 4812
1981 David Graham Merion G.C. Ardmore Pa. 4946
1982 Tom Watson Pebble Beach G.L. Pebble Beach Calif. 5255
1983 Larry Nelson Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 5039
1984 Fuzzy Zoeller Winged Foot G.C. Mamaroneck N.Y. 5195
1985 Andy North Oakland Hills C.C. Birmingham Mich. 5274
1986 Raymond Floyd Shinnecock Hills G.C. Southampton N.Y. 5410
1987 Scott Simpson The Olympic Club San Francisco Calif. 5696
1988 Curtis Strange The Country Club Brookline Mass. 5775
1989 Curtis Strange Oak Hill C.C. Rochester N.Y. 5786
1990 Hale Irwin Medinah C.C. Medinah Ill. 6198
1991 Payne Stewart Hazeltine National G.C. Chaska Minn. 6063
1992 Tom Kite Pebble Beach G.L. Pebble Beach Calif. 6244
1993 Lee Janzen Baltusrol G.C. Springfield N.J. 5905
1994 Ernie Els Oakmont C.C. Oakmont Pa. 6010
1995 Corey Pavin Shinnecock Hills G.C. Southampton N.Y. 6001
1996 Steve Jones Oakland Hills C.C. Bloomfield Hills Mich. 5925
1997 Ernie Els Congressional C.C. Bethesda Md. 7013
1998 Lee Janzen The Olympic Club San Francisco Calif. 7117
1999 Payne Stewart No. 2 Course at Pinehurst R. & C.C. Village of Pinehurst N.C. 7889
2000 Tiger Woods Pebble Beach G.L. Pebble Beach Calif. 8455
2001 Retief Goosen Southern Hills C.C. Tulsa Okla. 8398
2002 Tiger Woods Bethpage State Park Farmingdale N.Y. 8648
2003 Jim Furyk Olympia Fields C.C. Olympia Fields Ill. 7820
2004 Retief Goosen Shinnecock Hills G.C. Southampton N.Y. 8726
2005 Michael Campbell No. 2 Course at Pinehurst Resort Village of Pinehurst N.C. 9048
2006 Geoff Ogilvy Winged Foot Golf Club Mamaroneck N.Y. 8584
2007 Angel Cabrera Oakmont Country Club Oakmont Pa. 8544
2008 Tiger Woods Torrey Pines Golf Course San Diego Calif. 8390
2009 Lucas Glover Bethpage State Park Farmingdale N.Y. 9086
2010 Graeme McDowell Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach Calif. 9052
2011 Rory McIlroy Congressional Country Club Bethesda Md. 8300

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On Oct. 4, 1895, the first U.S. Open Championship was conducted by the United States Golf Association on the nine-hole course of Newport (R.I.) Golf and Country Club.
The first U.S. Open was considered something of a sideshow to the first U.S. Amateur, which was played on the same course and during the same week. Both championships had been scheduled for September but were postponed because of a conflict with a more established Newport sports spectacle, the America's Cup yacht races.
Ten professionals and one amateur started in the 36-hole competition, which was four trips around the Newport course in one day. The surprise winner was Horace Rawlins, 21, an English professional who was the assistant at the host course. Rawlins scored 91-82-173 with the gutta-percha ball.
Prize money totalled $335, of which Rawlins won the $150 first prize. He also received a gold medal and custody of the Open Championship Cup for his club for one year.
In its first decade, the U.S. Open was conducted for amateurs and the largely British wave of immigrant golf professionals coming to the United States.
As American players began to dominate the game, the U.S. Open evolved into an important world golf championship. Young John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner in 1911 and repeated as champion in 1912.
In 1913, the U.S. Open really took off when Francis Ouimet, a 20-year-old American amateur, stunned the golf world by defeating famous English professionals, Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in a playoff.
Another surge in the championship's popularity coincided with the amazing career of Georgia amateur Bob Jones, who won the U.S. Open four times (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930). Spectator tickets were sold for the first time in 1922 and a boom in entries caused the USGA to introduce sectional qualifying in 1924.
In 1933, John Goodman became the fifth and last amateur to win the U.S. Open. The others were Ouimet, Jerome D. Travers (1915), Charles Evans Jr., (1916), and Jones.
In each era, the world's greatest players have been identified by surviving the rigorous examination provided by the U.S. Open. Ben Hogan's steely determination boosted him to four victories (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953). Arnold Palmer's record comeback win in 1960, when he fired a final round of 65 to come from seven strokes off the lead, cemented his dashing image. Jack Nicklaus' historic assault on the professional record book began when he won the first of his four U.S. Open Championships in 1962, his rookie season as a professional.
Nicklaus, who also won in 1967, 1972, and 1980, is one of only four golfers to win four U.S. Opens. The others are Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), Jones and Hogan.
In 1954, the U.S. Open course was roped from tee to green for the first time. That year also marked the first national television coverage. Coverage was expanded by ABC Sports in 1977 so that all 18 holes of the final two rounds were broadcast live. In 1982, on the ESPN cable network, the first two rounds were broadcast live for the first time. NBC began televising the U.S. Open in 1995.
The format of the U.S. Open has changed several times. The USGA extended the championship to 72 holes in 1898, with 36 holes played on each of two days. In 1926, the format was changed to 18 holes played each of two days, then 36 holes on the third day. In 1965, the present format of four 18-hole daily rounds was implemented for the first time.
In 2002, a two-tee (Nos. 1 and 10) start was used for the first and second rounds. In addition, Bethpage State Park's Black Course in Farmingdale, N.Y., was the first facility owned by the public to host a U.S. Open. International qualifying sites were added in 2005 and the champion at Pinehurst Resort in N.C. was Michael Campbell, who qualified in England.
Current Leaders
PosPlayerTodayThruTotal
1W. Simpson-2F+1
T2M. Thompson-3F+2
T2G. McDowell+3F+2
T4D. Toms-2F+3
T4P. Harrington-2F+3
T4J. PetersonEF+3
T4J. DufnerEF+3
T4J. Furyk+4F+3
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